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std::iterator_traits

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< cpp‎ | iterator

 
 
Biblioteca Iterator
Primitivas iterador
Original:
Iterator primitives
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iterator_traits
input_iterator_tag
output_iterator_tag
forward_iterator_tag
bidirectional_iterator_tag
random_access_iterator_tag
iterator
Adaptadores de iterador
Original:
Iterator adaptors
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reverse_iterator
Iteradores fluxo
Original:
Stream iterators
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istream_iterator
ostream_iterator
istreambuf_iterator
ostreambuf_iterator
Operações iterador
Original:
Iterator operations
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advance
distance
prev(C++11)
next(C++11)
Variar de acesso
Original:
Range access
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begin(C++11)
end(C++11)
 
Defined in header <iterator>
template< class Iterator>
struct iterator_traits;
template< class T >
struct iterator_traits<T*>;
template< class T >
struct iterator_traits<const T*>;
std::iterator_traits característica é a classe de tipo que fornece uma interface uniforme para as propriedades dos tipos iterador. Isso torna possível implementar algoritmos só em termos de iteradores.
Original:
std::iterator_traits is the type trait class that provides uniform interface to the properties of iterator types. This makes it possible to implement algorithms only in terms of iterators.
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Índice

[editar] Tipos de membro

Tipo de membro
Original:
Member type
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Definition
difference_type Iterator::difference_type
value_type Iterator::value_type
pointer Iterator::pointer
reference Iterator::reference
iterator_category Iterator::iterator_category

[editar] Especializações

Esta característica tipo pode ser especializado para os tipos fornecidos pelo utilizador que podem ser utilizados como iteradores. A biblioteca padrão fornece duas especializações parciais para tipos de ponteiro T *, o que torna possível a utilização de todos os algoritmos baseados iterador com ponteiros crus.
Original:
This type trait may be specialized for user-provided types that may be used as iterators. The standard library provides two partial specializations for pointer types T*, which makes it possible to use all iterator-based algorithms with raw pointers.
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[editar] * T membros tipos de especialização

Tipo de membro
Original:
Member type
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Definition
difference_type std::ptrdiff_t
value_type T
pointer T*
reference T&
iterator_category std::random_access_iterator_tag

[editar] const T * membro tipos de especialização

Tipo de membro
Original:
Member type
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Definition
difference_type std::ptrdiff_t
value_type T
pointer const T*
reference const T&
iterator_category std::random_access_iterator_tag

[editar] Exemplo

implementação de propósito geral reverse () para iteradores bidirecionais
Original:
general-purpose reverse() implementation for bidirectional iterators
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#include <iostream>
#include <iterator>
#include <vector>
#include <list>
 
template<class BDIter>
void my_reverse(BDIter first, BDIter last)
{
    typename std::iterator_traits<BDIter>::difference_type n = std::distance(first, last);
    --n;
    while(n > 0) {
        typename std::iterator_traits<BDIter>::value_type tmp = *first;
        *first++ = *--last;
        *last = tmp;
        n -= 2;
    }
}
 
int main()
{
    std::vector<int> v{1,2,3,4,5};
    my_reverse(v.begin(), v.end());
    for(int n : v)
        std::cout << n << ' ';
    std::cout << '\n';
 
    std::list<int> l{1,2,3,4,5};
    my_reverse(l.begin(), l.end());
    for(auto n : l)
        std::cout << n << ' ';
    std::cout << '\n';
 
//    std::istreambuf_iterator<char> i1(std::cin), i2;
//    my_reverse(i1, i2); // compilation error
 
}

Output:

5 4 3 2 1
5 4 3 2 1

[editar] Veja também

o iterador básica
Original:
the basic iterator
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(modelo de classe) [edit]
tipos de classe vazios usados ​​para indicar categorias iterador
Original:
empty class types used to indicate iterator categories
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(classe) [edit]