Espaços nominais
Variantes
Acções

Class declaration

Da cppreference.com
< cpp‎ | language

 
 
Linguagem C + +
Tópicos gerais
Original:
General topics
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.
Controle de fluxo
Original:
Flow control
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.
Declarações execução condicional
Original:
Conditional execution statements
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.
Instruções de iteração
Original:
Iteration statements
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.
Ir declarações
Original:
Jump statements
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.
Funções
Original:
Functions
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.
declaração da função
lambda declaração da função
modelo de função
linha especificador
especificações de exceção (obsoleta)
noexcept especificador (C++11)
Exceções
Original:
Exceptions
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.
Namespaces
Original:
Namespaces
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.
Tipos
Original:
Types
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.
decltype specifier (C++11)
Especificadores
Original:
Specifiers
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.
cv especificadores
armazenamento duração especificadores
constexpr especificador (C++11)
auto especificador (C++11)
alignas especificador (C++11)
Inicialização
Original:
Initialization
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.
Literais
Original:
Literals
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.
Expressões
Original:
Expressions
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.
representações alternativas
Utilitários
Original:
Utilities
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.
Tipos
Original:
Types
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.
typedef declaration
tipo de alias declaração (C++11)
atributos (C++11)
Conversões
Original:
Casts
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.
conversões implícitas
const_cast conversion
static_cast conversion
dynamic_cast conversion
reinterpret_cast conversion
Elenco C-estilo e funcional
Alocação de memória
Original:
Memory allocation
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.
Classes
Original:
Classes
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.
Classe propriedades específicas de função
Original:
Class-specific function properties
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.
Funções membro especiais
Original:
Special member functions
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.
Modelos
Original:
Templates
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.
modelo de classe
modelo de função
especialização de modelo
pacotes de parâmetros (C++11)
Diversos
Original:
Miscellaneous
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.
Assembly embutido
 

Índice

[editar] Sintaxe

class identifier { class_body } object_list ; (1)
class identifier : ancestor_list { class_body } object_list ; (2)
class identifier ; (3)
class identifier final opt_ancestors_and_body (4) (a partir do C++ 11)

[editar] Class Body

A list of member and friend declarations and access specifiers:

public: (1)
protected: (2)
private: (3)
friend friend_declaration (4)
member_declaration (5)
static member_declaration (6)
nested_type_declaration (7)

[editar] Ancestor List

A list of classes that have already bee fully defined optionally prefixed with an access specifier

[editar] Object List

An optional list of instances of the previously defined class

[editar] Explicação

  1. Defines a class and its member
  2. Defines a class inheriting other classes
  3. Forwards declares a class
  4. Defines a class that cannot be derived from ( see final )

If friend or member functions have their body defined inside the class body, they are implicitly inlined

[editar] Notas

(a partir do C++ 11) A default value can be assigned to data members inside the class body (ie: not necessarily in a constructor)

[editar] Veja também


[editar] Exemplo

class C;
 
class D : public B // B needs to be defined
{
  private:
    C *ptr_c; // a pointer/reference to C can be used as C has been forward declared
    double x = 12.3; // C++11 inline data member initialization
    static const int sci = 1; // this is valid in C++98 as well
  public:
    typedef B parent_type;
 
    // inline function
    virtual parent_type foo() const
    {
        return B();
    }
 
    // non-inline function declaration. needs to be defined externally
    void bar();
} D_obj; // An object of type D is defined
 
// definition of a class method outside the class
void D::bar()
{
   //...
}