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History of C++

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Linguagem C + +
Tópicos gerais
Original:
General topics
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Controle de fluxo
Original:
Flow control
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Declarações execução condicional
Original:
Conditional execution statements
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Instruções de iteração
Original:
Iteration statements
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Ir declarações
Original:
Jump statements
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Funções
Original:
Functions
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declaração da função
lambda declaração da função
modelo de função
linha especificador
especificações de exceção (obsoleta)
noexcept especificador (C++11)
Exceções
Original:
Exceptions
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Namespaces
Original:
Namespaces
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Tipos
Original:
Types
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decltype specifier (C++11)
Especificadores
Original:
Specifiers
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cv especificadores
armazenamento duração especificadores
constexpr especificador (C++11)
auto especificador (C++11)
alignas especificador (C++11)
Inicialização
Original:
Initialization
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Literais
Original:
Literals
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Expressões
Original:
Expressions
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representações alternativas
Utilitários
Original:
Utilities
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Tipos
Original:
Types
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typedef declaration
tipo de alias declaração (C++11)
atributos (C++11)
Conversões
Original:
Casts
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conversões implícitas
const_cast conversion
static_cast conversion
dynamic_cast conversion
reinterpret_cast conversion
Elenco C-estilo e funcional
Alocação de memória
Original:
Memory allocation
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Classes
Original:
Classes
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Classe propriedades específicas de função
Original:
Class-specific function properties
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Funções membro especiais
Original:
Special member functions
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Modelos
Original:
Templates
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modelo de classe
modelo de função
especialização de modelo
pacotes de parâmetros (C++11)
Diversos
Original:
Miscellaneous
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Assembly embutido
 

Índice

[editar] Precoce C + +

  • 1979: C com Classes primeiro implementadas
    Original:
    1979: C with Classes first implemented
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# Novos recursos: classes, funções de membro, classes derivadas, compilação separada, controle de acesso público e privado, os amigos, a verificação do tipo de argumentos de função, argumentos padrão, funções inline, operador de atribuição sobrecarregado, construtores, destruidores, f () mesmo que f ( void), chamada de função e de retorno de função-não (recursos de sincronização, em C + +)
Original:
# New features: classes, member functions, derived classes, separate compilation, public and private access control, friends, type checking of function arguments, default arguments, inline functions, overloaded assignment operator, constructors, destructors, f() same as f(void), call-function and return-function (synchronization features, not in C++)
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# Bibliotecas: a biblioteca de tarefas simultâneas (não em C + +)
Original:
# Libraries: the concurrent task library (not in C++)
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  • 1982: C com Classes manual de referência publicado
    Original:
    1982: C with Classes reference manual published
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  • 1984: C84 implementado, manual de referência publicado
    Original:
    1984: C84 implemented, reference manual published
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  • 1985: Cfront 1.0
    Original:
    1985: Cfront 1.0
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# Novos recursos: funções virtuais, sobrecarga de operadores e funções, referências, operadores new e delete, a palavra-chave const, operador de resolução de escopo
Original:
# New features: virtual functions, function and operator overloading, references, new and delete operators, the keyword const, scope resolution operator
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# Adições Biblioteca: complexos, de cordas, iostream
Original:
# Library additions: complex, string, iostream
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  • 1985: O C + + Linguagem de Programação, 1 ª edição
    Original:
    1985: The C++ Programming Language, 1st edition
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  • 1989: Cfront 2.0
    Original:
    1989: Cfront 2.0
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# Novos recursos: herança múltipla, ponteiros para os membros, acesso protegido, tipo seguro de ligação, classes abstratas, as funções de membro estático e const, de classe específico new e delete
Original:
# New features: multiple inheritance, pointers to members, protected access, type-safe linkage, abstract classes, static and const member functions, class-specific new and delete
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# Adições Biblioteca: I / O manipuladores
Original:
# Library additions: I/O manipulators
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  • 1990: The Annotated C + + Reference Manual
    Original:
    1990: The Annotated C++ Reference Manual
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Este livro descreve a linguagem como projetado, incluindo algumas características que ainda não foram implementadas. Ele serviu como o padrão de fato até o ISO.
Original:
This book described the language as designed, including some features that were not yet implemented. It served as the de-facto standard until the ISO.
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# Novos recursos: espaços de nomes, tratamento de exceções, classes aninhadas
Original:
# New features: namespaces, exception handling, nested classes
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  • 1991: Cfront 3.0
    Original:
    1991: Cfront 3.0
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  • 1991: O C + + linguagem de programação, 2 ª edição
    Original:
    1991: The C++ Programming Language, 2nd edition
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[editar] Standard C + +

  • 1990 ANSI C + + Comissão fundada
    Original:
    1990 ANSI C++ Committee founded
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  • 1991 ISO C + + Comissão fundada
    Original:
    1991 ISO C++ Committee founded
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  • 1998 C++98 (ISO/IEC 14882:1998)
# Novos recursos: RTTI (dynamic_cast, typeid), tipos de retorno covariantes, operadores de elenco, mutável, bool, declarações em condições, instanciações de modelo, modelos de membros, de exportação
Original:
# New features: RTTI (dynamic_cast, typeid), covariant return types, cast operators, mutable, bool, declarations in conditions, template instantiations, member templates, export
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# Adições Biblioteca: recipientes, algoritmos, iteradores, objetos de função (com base em STL), localidades bitset, valarray, auto_ptr, string templatized, iostream, e complexo.
Original:
# Library additions: containers, algorithms, iterators, function objects (based on STL), locales, bitset, valarray, auto_ptr, templatized string, iostream, and complex.
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  • 1998 O C + + Linguagem de Programação, 3 ª edição
    Original:
    1998 The C++ Programming Language, 3rd edition
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  • 1999 Boost fundada pelos membros do comitê como um terreno fértil para novas instalações da biblioteca padrão.
    Original:
    1999 Boost founded by the committee members as a breeding ground for new standard library facilities.
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  • 2003 C++03 (ISO/IEC 14882:2003)
Esta foi uma revisão menor, destinado a ser pouco mais que uma rectificação técnica
Original:
This was a minor revision, intended to be little more than a technical corrigendum
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# Novos recursos: inicialização valor
Original:
# New features: value initialization
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# Defeito Relatórios corrigido: 125 defects, incluindo 69 defeito, o que fez std :: vector contígua.
Original:
# Defect Reports fixed: 125 defects, including defect 69, which made std::vector contiguous.
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Este TR é uma biblioteca C + + extensão, que acrescenta o seguinte para o C + + biblioteca padrão:
Original:
This TR is a C++ library extension, which adds the following to the C++ standard library:
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# De Boost: envoltório de referência, ponteiros inteligentes, função de membro, resultado de, Bind, função, características de tipo, aleatório, Matemáticas Funções especiais, tupla de matriz, não ordenada Contentores (incluindo Hash) e expressões regulares.
Original:
# From Boost: Reference wrapper, Smart pointers, Member function, Result Of, Bind, Function, Type Traits, Random, Mathematical Special Functions, Tuple, Array, Unordered Containers (including Hash), and Regular Expressions.
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# De C99: funções matemáticas de math.h que eram novos na C99, classe de caracteres em branco, de ponto flutuante ambiente, hexfloat I / O Manipulador, de tamanho fixo tipos integrais, o tipo longo, longo, va_copy, o snprintf () e vscanf () famílias de funções, ea conversão C99 especifica para famílias printf () e scanf () de funções.
Original:
# From C99: mathematical functions from math.h that were new in C99, blank character class, Floating-point environment, hexfloat I/O Manipulator, fixed-size integral types, the long long type, va_copy, the snprintf() and vscanf() families of functions, and the C99 conversion specifies for printf() and scanf() families of functions.
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Todos TR1 excepto para as funções especiais, foi incluído em C + +11, com pequenas alterações.
Original:
All of TR1 except for the special functions was included in C++11, with minor changes.
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Este TR é um C + + extensão biblioteca padrão, o que aumenta as funções especiais que fizeram parte da TR1, mas não foram incluídos em C + 11: integrais elípticas, integral exponencial, polinômios de Laguerre, polinômios de Legendre, polinômios de Hermite, funções de Bessel, funções Newmann , a função beta, e função zeta de Riemann.
Original:
This TR is a C++ standard library extension, which adds the special functions that were part of TR1, but were not included in C++11: elliptic integrals, exponential integral, Laguerre polynomials, Legendre polynomials, Hermite polynomials, Bessel functions, Newmann functions, beta function, and Riemann zeta function.
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Um grande número de alterações foram introduzidas para tanto padronizar as práticas existentes e melhorar as abstrações disponíveis para os programadores C + +
Original:
A large number of changes were introduced to both standardize existing practices and improve the abstractions available to the C++ programmers
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# Novos recursos de linguagem: automático e decltype, as funções de inadimplentes e excluídos, final e override, tipo de retorno à direita, referências rvalue, movimento construtores / cessão movimento, enums escopo, constexpr e tipos literais, a inicialização lista, delegando e herdou construtores, cinta ou -iguais inicializadores, nullptr, a longo prazo, e char16_t char32_t, apelidos do tipo, modelos variádicos, sindicatos generalizadas, vagens generalizadas, literais cadeia de caracteres Unicode, literais definidos pelo usuário, atributos, expressões lambda, noexcept, alignof e alignas, modelo de memória de vários segmentos, linha -local de armazenamento, GC interface, gama de (com base em uma biblioteca Boost), as afirmações estáticos (com base em uma biblioteca Boost)
Original:
# New language features: auto and decltype, defaulted and deleted functions, final and override, trailing return type, rvalue references, move constructors/move assignment, scoped enums, constexpr and literal types, list initialization, delegating and inherited constructors, brace-or-equal initializers, nullptr, long long, char16_t and char32_t, type aliases, variadic templates, generalized unions, generalized PODs, Unicode string literals, user-defined literals, attributes, lambda expressions, noexcept, alignof and alignas, multithreaded memory model, thread-local storage, GC interface, range for (based on a Boost library), static assertions (based on a Boost library)
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# Novos recursos de biblioteca: biblioteca operações atômica, emplace () e outros usos de referências rvalue em todas as partes da biblioteca existente, std :: initializer_list, com estado e alocadores de escopo, forward_list, Chrono, biblioteca, relação de novos algoritmos, Unicode facetas de conversão
Original:
# New library features: atomic operations library, emplace() and other use of rvalue references throughout all parts of the existing library, std::initializer_list, stateful and scoped allocators, forward_list, chrono library, ratio library, new algorithms, Unicode conversion facets
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# De TR1: todos, exceto TR1 Funções especiais.
Original:
# From TR1: all of TR1 except Special Functions.
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# De Boost: A biblioteca de threads, exception_ptr ERROR_CODE, e error_condition, melhorias iterador (std :: begin, std :: final, std :: seguinte, std :: ant)
Original:
# From Boost: The thread library, exception_ptr, error_code and error_condition, iterator improvements (std::begin, std::end, std::next, std::prev)
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# A partir de C: C-estilo funções de conversão Unicode
Original:
# From C: C-style Unicode conversion functions
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# Defeito Relatórios fixo: 363 defects resolvidos pelo projecto de 2008 e 322 defects resolvido depois. Defeitos notáveis ​​incluem 530, que fez std :: basic_string objetos contígua.
Original:
# Defect Reports fixed: 363 defects resolved by the 2008 draft and 322 defects resolved after. Notable defects include 530, which made std::basic_string objects contiguous.
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Este TR implementa as decimais tipos de ponto flutuante do IEEE Standard 754-2008 para aritmética de ponto flutuante: std :: :: decimal32 decimais, std :: decimal :: decimal64, e std :: decimal :: decimal128.
Original:
This TR implements the decimal floating-point types from IEEE 754-2008 Standard for Floating-Point Arithmetic: std::decimal::decimal32, std::decimal::decimal64, and std::decimal::decimal128.
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[editar] Desenvolvimento futuro

  • 2013 O C + + Linguagem de Programação, 4 ª edição
    Original:
    2013 The C++ Programming Language, 4th edition
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  • Biblioteca de extensões TR2
    Original:
    Library extensions TR2
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O próximo conjunto de extensões da biblioteca está aberto a propostas
Original:
The next set of library extensions is open for proposals
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# De impulso: sistema de arquivos (fornecido pelo Visual Studio desde 2011), networking
Original:
# From boost: filesystem (shipped by Visual Studio since 2011), networking
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  • C++1x
A próxima revisão do padrão C + + está aberto a propostas
Original:
The next revision of the C++ standard is open for proposals
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[editar] Links externos