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Floating-point environment

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< cpp‎ | numeric

 
 
Biblioteca numéricos
Funções matemáticas comuns
De ponto flutuante ambiente
Números complexos
Matrizes numéricas
Pseudo-aleatório de geração de números
Tempo de compilação aritmética racional (C++11)
Genéricos operações numéricas
Original:
Generic numeric operations
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iota(C++11)
accumulate
inner_product
adjacent_difference
partial_sum
 
De ponto flutuante ambiente
Funções
Original:
Functions
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feclearexcept(C++11)
fetestexcept(C++11)
feraiseexcept(C++11)
fegetexceptflag
fesetexceptflag
(C++11)
(C++11)
fegetround
fesetround
(C++11)
(C++11)
fegetenv
fesetenv
(C++11)
feholdexcept(C++11)
feupdateenv(C++11)
Constantes de macros
Original:
Macro constants
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FE_ALL_EXCEPT
FE_DIVBYZERO
FE_INEXACT
FE_INVALID
FE_OVERFLOW
FE_UNDERFLOW
(C++11)
FE_DOWNWARD
FE_TONEAREST
FE_TOWARDZERO
FE_UPWARD
(C++11)
FE_DFL_ENV(C++11)
 
O ambiente de ponto flutuante é o conjunto de bandeiras de ponto flutuante de estado e modos de controle suportados pela implementação. É local de segmento, cada segmento herda o estado inicial do seu ambiente de ponto flutuante do segmento pai. Operações de ponto flutuante modificar as bandeiras de ponto flutuante de status para indicar os resultados anormais ou informações auxiliar. O estado de modos de ponto flutuante de controle afeta os resultados de algumas operações de ponto flutuante.
Original:
The floating-point environment is the set of floating-point status flags and control modes supported by the implementation. It is thread-local, each thread inherits the initial state of its floating-point environment from the parent thread. Floating-point operations modify the floating-point status flags to indicate abnormal results or auxiliary information. The state of floating-point control modes affects the outcomes of some floating-point operations.
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O acesso ambiente de ponto flutuante e modificação só é significativo quando #pragma STDC FENV_ACCESS está definido para ON. Caso contrário, a execução é livre para assumir que os modos de controle de ponto flutuante são sempre as padrão e que as bandeiras de ponto flutuante de status nunca são testados ou modificado. Na prática, alguns compiladores atuais suportam a #pragma explicitamente, mas a maioria dos compiladores permitem acesso significativo ao ambiente de ponto flutuante de qualquer forma.
Original:
The floating-point environment access and modification is only meaningful when #pragma STDC FENV_ACCESS is set to ON. Otherwise the implementation is free to assume that floating-point control modes are always the default ones and that floating-point status flags are never tested or modified. In practice, few current compilers support the #pragma explicitly, but most compilers allow meaningful access to the floating-point environment anyway.
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Índice

[editar] Tipos

Defined in header <cfenv>
fenv_t
O tipo que representa o ambiente de ponto flutuante inteiro
Original:
The type representing the entire floating-point environment
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fexcept_t
O tipo que representa todas as bandeiras de ponto flutuante de status coletivamente
Original:
The type representing all floating-point status flags collectively
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[editar] Funções

limpa os especificados bandeiras de ponto flutuante de status
Original:
clears the specified floating-point status flags
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(função) [edit]
determina qual dos especificados bandeiras de ponto flutuante de estado são definidas
Original:
determines which of the specified floating-point status flags are set
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(função) [edit]
levanta as especificadas exceções de ponto flutuante
Original:
raises the specified floating-point exceptions
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(função) [edit]
copia o estado dos especificados bandeiras de ponto flutuante de status de ou para o ambiente de ponto flutuante
Original:
copies the state of the specified floating-point status flags from or to the floating-point environment
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(função) [edit]
(C++11)
(C++11)
obtém ou define direção arredondamento
Original:
gets or sets rounding direction
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(função) [edit]
salva ou restaura o ambiente actual ponto flutuante
Original:
saves or restores the current floating point environment
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(função) [edit]
poupa o meio ambiente, limpa todos os sinalizadores de status e ignora todos os erros futuros
Original:
saves the environment, clears all status flags and ignores all future errors
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(função) [edit]
restaura o ambiente de ponto flutuante e levanta a anteriormente levantar exceções
Original:
restores the floating-point environment and raises the previously raise exceptions
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(função) [edit]

[editar] Macros

exceções de ponto flutuante
Original:
floating-point exceptions
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(macro constante) [edit]
de ponto flutuante direção arredondamento
Original:
floating-point rounding direction
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(macro constante) [edit]
ambiente padrão de ponto flutuante
Original:
default floating-point environment
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(macro constante) [edit]

[editar] Notas

As exceções de ponto flutuante não estão relacionados com as exceções C + +. Quando uma operação de ponto flutuante gera uma exceção de ponto flutuante, o estado das mudanças de ponto flutuante de ambiente, que podem ser testadas com std::fetestexcept, mas a execução de um programa C + + na maioria das implementações continua ininterruptamente.
Original:
The floating-point exceptions are not related to the C++ exceptions. When a floating-point operation raises a floating-point exception, the status of the floating-point environment changes, which can be tested with std::fetestexcept, but the execution of a C++ program on most implementations continues uninterrupted.
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Há extensões de compilador que podem ser usados ​​para gerar exceções C + + automaticamente sempre que uma exceção de ponto flutuante é levantada:
Original:
There are compiler extensions that may be used to generate C++ exceptions automatically whenever a floating-point exception is raised:
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  • GNU libc feenableexcept() função permite captura das exceções de ponto flutuante, o que gera a SIGFPE sinal. Se o -fnon-call-exceptions opção de compilador foi usado, o manipulador para que o sinal pode lançar um definido pelo usuário exceção C + +.
    Original:
    GNU libc function feenableexcept() enables trapping of the floating-point exceptions, which generates the signal SIGFPE. If the compiler option -fnon-call-exceptions was used, the handler for that signal may throw a user-defined C++ exception.
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  • Microsoft _control87() função WinAPI permite captura das exceções de ponto flutuante, o que gera uma exceção de hardware, o que pode ser convertido para exceções C + + com _set_se_translator.
    Original:
    Microsoft WinAPI function _control87() enables trapping of the floating-point exceptions, which generates a hardware exception, which can be converted to C++ exceptions with _set_se_translator.
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